The Sunga Empire was an ancient Indian dynasty that ruled from the 2nd century BCE to the 1st century BCE. During their reign, they played a significant role in patronizing art, particularly in the form of Buddhist architecture and sculpture. The Sunga period is known for its distinctive style of art, characterized by graceful figures, elegant lines, and naturalistic features. The dynasty sponsored the creation of many Buddhist stupas, including the famous Bharhut and Sanchi stupas. The Sunga rulers also commissioned many rock-cut caves, such as the Barabar Caves in Bihar.